Muscle cramps happen to a lot of people. The pain that they cause can range from annoying to excruciating. Muscle cramps are caused by several things, including:
Muscles work in pairs. This is why most training programs revolve around equalizing strength throughout the body. When one of the two muscles in the pair flexes, the other relaxes to prevent it from working against the flexing muscle. In athletic events or difficult tasks, one of these two muscles may be flexed for a long period of time and that is what may cause cramps and spasms. Here are a few of the most common muscle pairings:
A calf cramp is the most common and one of the more painful muscle cramps to have. The calf cramp involves the Tibialis Anterior (shin) and the Gastrocnemius (calf). The Gastrocnemius flexes and inhibits ankle movement while the Tibialis Anterior relaxes. If this happens to you, here is one way to help relieve the cramp.
If you can have someone else apply the light resistance to your foot, that can make it easier to relax your calf and focus on the stretching.
Ask your physical therapist to explain how your muscles works and how the muscle pairings fit together. If there is something wrong with a certain muscle, there is a good chance that it is caused or at least impacted by an imbalance or issue with a different muscle. Know your body and ask your PT to make sure your body is well-balanced and you can stay in the game.
Info originally from www.news.meyerpt.com